It can be used to date rocks that formed from about 1 million years to over 4.5 billion years ago with routine precisions in the 0.1–1 percent range.The dating method is usually performed on the mineral zircon.Radioactivity causes negatively charged electrons to move from a ground state, the valence band, to a higher energy level at the conduction band.After a short time, electrons eventually recombine with the positively charged holes left in the valence band.Age of substance can be determined by measuring the dosage of radiation since the time of its formation.Electron spin resonance dating can be described as trapped charge dating. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_input. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_spinner. Electron Spin Resonance Dating, or ESR dating, is a technique used to date newly formed materials, which Radiocarbon dating cannot, like carbonates, tooth enamel, or materials that have been previously heated like igneous rock.
Thus the current ratio of lead to uranium in the mineral can be used to determine its age.
Geochronology is different in application from biostratigraphy, which is the science of assigning sedimentary rocks to a known geological period via describing, cataloguing and comparing fossil floral and faunal assemblages.
Biostratigraphy does not directly provide an absolute age determination of a rock, but merely places it within an interval of time at which that fossil assemblage is known to have coexisted.
Electron spin resonance dating was first introduced to the science community in 1975, when Motoji Ikeya dated a speleothem in Akiyoshi Cave, Japan.
ESR dating measures the amount of unpaired electrons in crystalline structures that were previously exposed to natural radiation.